Factors Related To Hypertension Control Behavior In Hypertension Patients | Mardhiati | Jurnal Kesehatan Prima

Factors Related To Hypertension Control Behavior In Hypertension Patients

Retno Mardhiati(1*), Bunga Meilinda Nuryono(2), Dian Kholika Hamal(3)
(1) Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. Dr. Hamka
(2) Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. Dr. Hamka
(3) Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof Dr. Hamka
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.32807/jkp.v17i1.1104


The increasing prevalence of hypertension every year is a public health problem today, so it is necessary to be active in controlling hypertension to reduce the risk of complications. Therefore, this study aims to determine the factors associated with hypertension control behavior in hypertensive patients in Tegal Parang Village, South Jakarta in 2022. This research is a quantitative research using a cross sectional study design. The population of this study was 1,180 hypertensive patients. The sample in this study was 178 respondents using the Cluster Sampling technique. The analysis used in this research is univariate and bivariate analysis using Chi Square test. The study found that from 178 hypertensive patients, 121 (68%) hypertensive patients did not do routine control, while 57 (32%) hypertensive patients did routine control. Based on statistical tests, it was concluded that there was a relationship between age (P-value 0.000), gender (P-value 1.000), education (P-value 0.041), time of suffering from hypertension (P-value 0.005), knowledge (P-value 0.033), attitude (P-value 0.435), access to health services. (P-value 0.601), family support (P-value 0.000) and support from health workers (P-value 0.000) with hypertension control behavior.That there is a significant relationship between age, education, time of suffering from hypertension, knowledge, family support and support from health workers with hypertension control behavior.


Degenerative; Hypertension; Non-Communicable Diseases


Annisa, AF (2013). Factors Associated with Compliance with Hypertension Medication in the Elderly at the Pattingallong Public Health Center, Makassar City . Hassanuddin University

Annisa, FN, Wahiduddin, & Ansar, J. (2013). Factors Associated with Compliance with Hypertension Medication in the Elderly at the Pattingalloang Health Center Makassar City . 1 , 1–11.

Arifin, MHBM, Weta, IW, & Ratnawati, NLKA (2016). Factors Related To The Event Of Hypertension In The Elderly Groups In The Work Area Of Upt Puskesmas Event I, Badung Regency In 2016. E-Jurnal Medika , 5 (7), 1–23.

Budiman, A., Khambri, D., & Bachtiar, H. (2013). Factors Affecting Medication Compliance in Patients Treated With Tamoxifen After Breast Cancer Surgery Arif. Andalas University Medical Faculty Journal , 2 (1), 20–24.

Darussalam, M., & Warseno, A. (2017). Factors Associated with Uncontrolled Hypertension Patients at the Health Center Factors. Journal of Clinical And Community Nursing ,1 (2), 72–80. https://journal.ugm.ac.id/jkkk/article/view/49111

Director General of P2P of the Indonesian Ministry of Health. (2019). Action Plan for Disease Prevention and Control Program 2015-2019 (Revision I - 2018). Action Plan P2P Program 2015-2019 , 2019 , 86. http://www.jikm.unsri.ac.id/index.php/jikm

Emiliana, N., Fauziah, M., Hasanah, I., & Fadlilah, DR (2021). Analysis of Compliance with Medication Control for Outpatient Hypertension Patients at Pisangan Health Center Visitors in 2019. Journal of Public Health Studies and Development , 1 (2), 119–132.

Friedman, MM (2013). Family Nursing . Yogyakarta: Gosyen Publishing.

Hairunisa. (2014). Relationship between the level of adherence to medication and diet with controlled blood pressure in elderly hypertension sufferers in the Work Area of the Public Health Center of Perumnas I, West Pontianak District. Implementation Science , 39 (1), 1–24. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biochi.2015.03.025%0Ahttp://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature10402%0Ahttp://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature21059%0Ahttp: //journal.stainkudus.ac.id/index.php/equilibrium/article/view/1268/1127%0Ahttp://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrmicro2577%0Ahttp://

Halitopo, Y. (2019). Lifestyle of Hypertension Patients at Wamena Regional General Hospital, Jayawijaya. Papuan Tropical Nursing Journal , 2 (2), 96–100. https://doi.org/10.47539/jktp.v2i2.63

Hastono, SP (2007). Health Data Analysis. Depok : Faculty of Public Health, University of Indonesia.

Indonesian Ministry of Health. (2016). Indonesia Health Profile 2016. In Bali Province Health Profile. http://www.depkes.go.id/resources/download/pusdatin/profil-kesehatan-indonesia/Profil-Kesehatan-Indonesia-2016.pdf

Indonesian Ministry of Health. (2018). MAIN RESULTS OF RISKESDAS 2018 Health [Main Result of Basic Heatlh Research]. Riskesdas , 52. http://www.depkes.go.id/resources/download/info-terkini/material_rakorpop_2018/Hasil Riskesdas 2018.pdf

Junaidi, I. (2012). Hypertension, Recognition, Prevention, and Treatment . Jakarta: PT Bhuana Popular Science.

Kuswandi, RT (2012). Management of Hypertension in the Elderly . Udayana University Library. Bandung

Lailiyah, F., Qodir, A., & Zahra, F. (2021). ANALYSIS OF FACTORS RELATED TO IMPROVEMENT . 2 (2), 35–46.

FKp , 6 (1), 46–56.

Maharani, R., & Syafrandi, DP (2017). Factors Associated with Blood Pressure Control Behavior in Hypertension Patients at Harapan Raya Health Center Pekanbaru City in 2016. Community Health Journal , 3 (5), 165–171. h?ps://doi.org/10.25311/keskom.Vol3.Iss5.122

Mangendai, Y., Rompas, S., & Hamel, RS (2017). Factors Associated with Medication Adherence to Hypertension Patients at Ranotana Weru Health Center. UNSRAT Journal of Nursing , 5 (1), 1–8.

Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. (2018). National RISKESDAS Report 2018. In Ministry of Health RI . https://dinkes.kalbarprov.go.id/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/Laporan-Riskesdas-2018-Nasional.pdf

Notoatmodjo, S. (2014). Behavioral Health Sciences . Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Rahmah, S. (2019). Relationship between Knowledge, Attitude and Family Support with Active Control of Hypertension Patients at Durian Gantang Health Center, Hulu Sungai Tengah Regency. Durian Gantang Health Center .

Savitri, D. (2017). Silently lethal, prevent gout and hypertension.

Soegondo, S. (2012). Complementary & alternative therapies in nursing (Springer P).

Sujudi, A. (2012). Hospital Management Principles . Faculty of Medicine UGM.

Sulastri. (2015). Relationship Between Stress and Control History with Relapse of Hypertension in the Elderly at UPTD PSLU Natar South Lampung. Journal of Health , VI (2), 106–110.

Susriyanti. (2014). Relationship between Family Support and Hypertension Treatment Behavior in the Elderly in Sleman Village, Yogyakarta.

Trianni, L. (2012). The Relationship between Education Level and Family Support for Compliance with Treatment for Hypertension Patients at the Public Health Center .

Yeni, F., Husna, M., & Dachriyanus, D. (2016). Family Support Affects Hypertension Patient Compliance. Indonesian Journal of Nursing , 19 (3), 137–144. https://doi.org/10.7454/jki.v19i3.471

Yuliarti. (2012). Factors Associated with Hypertension in the Elderly in Posbindu Bogor City in 2012 . Public health nutrition specialization thesis. Faculty of public health, university of Indonesia

Yulita, Zulfitri, R., & Deli, H. (2019). Relationship between lifestyle and control history with the degree of hypertension in the elderly. JOM

Violita, F., Thaha, ILM, & Dwinata, I. (2015). Factors Related to Compliance with Taking Hypertension Drugs in the Work Area of the Segeri Health Center. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling , 53 (9), 1689–1699.

Article Statistic

Abstract view : 305 times
PDF views : 234 times

Dimensions Metrics

How To Cite This :


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Kesehatan Prima

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.