EDUKASI PENCEGAHAN SINDROM METABOLIK PADA WANITA DEWASA DI PEDESAAN | Fikri | Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Sasambo

EDUKASI PENCEGAHAN SINDROM METABOLIK PADA WANITA DEWASA DI PEDESAAN

Al Mukhlas Fikri(1*), Milliyantri Elvandari(2), Ratih Kurniasari(3)
(1) Program Studi Gizi, Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas Singaperbangsa Karawang
(2) Program Studi Gizi, Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas Singaperbangsa Karawang
(3) Program Studi Gizi, Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas Singaperbangsa Karawang
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.32807/jpms.v4i2.1094

Abstract

Sindrom metabolik merupakan salah satu tantangan serius dalam kesehatan masyarakat yang berhubungan dengan meningkatnya risiko penyakit kardiovaskuler dan diabetes. Kegiatan pengabdian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan mengenai sindrom metabolik pada wanita dewasa pedesaan melalui edukasi. Metode kegiatan pengabdian berupa edukasi berbasis ceramah kepada 22 wanita dewasa yang tinggal di pedesaan Karawang sebagai sasaran kegiatan. Kegiatan pengabdian ini juga berupa pengukuran indeks massa tubuh dan lingkar perut untuk menilai status gizi sasaran. Edukasi yang diberikan berkaitan dengan faktor risiko, kriteria, dan upaya pencegahan sindrom metabolik. Perubahan pengetahuan sasaran dinilai dengan pre-post test. Uji Wilcoxon digunakan untuk melihat perbedaan pengetahuan antara sebelum dan setelah edukasi. Hasil kegiatan menunjukkan sebagian besar sasaran memiliki status gizi obesitas (59,1%), dan obesitas sentral (72,6%). Kategori pengetahuan terkait sindrom metabolik sasaran hanya pada tingkat rendah dan sedang, baik sebelum maupun setelah edukasi. Sebanyak 4.5% sasaran mengalami peningkatan tingkat pengetahuan menjadi kategori sedang, namun secara statistik tidak signifikan (p > 0,05).

Keywords


Edukasi; Pedesaan; Sindrom Metabolik; Status Gizi; Wanita

References


Anggita, G. M., Ali, M. A., & Subiono, H. S. (2019). The Physical Fitness Levels Analysis of University Students. 5th International Conference on Physical Education, Sport, and Health (ACPES 19), 50–53.

Baker, P., & Friel, S. (2014). Processed foods and the nutrition transition: Evidence from Asia. Obesity Reviews, 15(7), 564–577. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12174

Clark, J. L., Zahradka, P., & Taylor, C. G. (2015). Efficacy of flavonoids in the management of high blood pressure. Nutrition Reviews, 73(12), 799–822.

Engin, A. (2017). The definition and prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome. Obesity and Lipotoxicity, 1–17.

Fallah, F., Pourabbas, A., Delpisheh, A., Veisani, Y., & Shadnoush, M. (2013). Effects of Nutrition Education on Levels of Nutritional Awareness of Pregnant Women in Western Iran. International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, 11(3). https://doi.org/10.5812/ijem.9122

Feng, L., Li, P., Wang, X., Hu, Z., Ma, Y., Tang, W., Ben, Y., Mahapatra, T., Cao, X., Mahapatra, S., Ling, M., Gou, A., Wang, Y., Xiao, J., Hou, M., Wang, X., Lin, B., & Wang, F. (2014). Distribution and determinants of non communicable diseases among elderly uyghur ethnic group in Xinjiang, China. PLoS ONE, 9(8). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0105536

Gouveia, É. R., Gouveia, B. R., Marques, A., Peralta, M., França, C., Lima, A., Campos, A., Jurema, J., Kliegel, M., & Ihle, A. (2021). Predictors of metabolic syndrome in adults and older adults from amazonas, brazil. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(3), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031303

Grundy, S. M. (2008). Metabolic syndrome pandemic. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, 28(4), 629–636.

Herningtyas, E. H., & Ng, T. S. (2019). Prevalence and distribution of metabolic syndrome and its components among provinces and ethnic groups in Indonesia. BMC Public Health, 19(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6711-7

Huang, Z., Wang, X., Ding, X., Cai, Z., Li, W., Chen, Z., Fang, W., Cai, Z., Lan, Y., Chen, G., Wu, W., Chen, Z., Wu, S., & Chen, Y. (2022). Association of Age of Metabolic Syndrome Onset With Cardiovascular Diseases: The Kailuan Study. Frontiers in Endocrinology, 13. https://doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2022.857985

Jeruszka-Bielak, M., Kollajtis-Dolowy, A., Santoro, A., Ostan, R., Berendsen, A. A. M., Jennings, A., Meunier, N., Marseglia, A., Caumon, E., Gillings, R., de Groot, L. C. P. G. M., Franceschi, C., Hieke, S., & Pietruszka, B. (2018). Are Nutrition-Related Knowledge and Attitudes Reflected in Lifestyle and Health Among Elderly People? A Study Across Five European Countries. Frontiers in Physiology, 9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2018.00994

Joshi, D. R., Neupane, U., Sharma, K. P., Joshi, B. R., & Joshi, P. R. (2019). Digital Devices on Learning Management System and its Consequences on Physical and Mental Health among University Students in Nepal. In Janaki Medical College Journal of Medical Sciences (Vol. 7, Issue 2).

Kamran, A., Ahari, S. S., Biria, M., Malpour, A., & Heydari, H. (2014). Determinants of patient’s adherence to hypertension medications: application of health belief model among rural patients. Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research, 4(6), 922–927.

Kemenkes, R. I. (2010). Standar Antropometri Penilaian Status Gizi. Online),(Http://Gizi. Depkes. Go. Id/Wp-Content/Uploads/2012/11/Buku-Sk-Antropometri-2010. Pdf., Diakses Pada 10 Oktober 2016).

Koohpayehzadeh, J., Etemad, K., Abbasi, M., Meysamie, A., Sheikhbahaei, S., Asgari, F., Noshad, S., Hafezi-Nejad, N., Rafei, A., Mousavizadeh, M., Khajeh, E., Ebadi, M., Nakhjavani, M., & Esteghamati, A. (2014). Gender-specific changes in physical activity pattern in Iran: National surveillance of risk factors of non-communicable diseases (2007-2011). International Journal of Public Health, 59(2), 231–241. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-013-0529-3

Li, X. T., Liao, W., Yu, H. J., Liu, M. W., Yuan, S., Tang, B. W., Yang, X. H., Song, Y., Huang, Y., Cheng, S. le, Chen, Z. Y., Towne, S. D., Mao, Z. F., & He, Q. Q. (2017). Combined effects of fruit and vegetables intake and physical activity on the risk of metabolic syndrome among Chinese adults. PLoS ONE, 12(11). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0188533

Lima, M. M. O., Pareja, J. C., Alegre, S. M., Geloneze, S. R., Kahn, S. E., Astiarraga, B. D., Chaim, É. A., Baracat, J., & Geloneze, B. (2013). Visceral fat resection in humans: Effect on insulin sensitivity, beta-cell function, adipokines, and inflammatory markers. Obesity, 21(3). https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.20030

Najafipour, H., Farjami, M., Sanjari, M., Amirzadeh, R., Farokhi, M. S., & Mirzazadeh, A. (2021). Prevalence and Incidence Rate of Diabetes, Pre-diabetes, Uncontrolled Diabetes, and Their Predictors in the Adult Population in Southeastern Iran: Findings From KERCADR Study. Frontiers in Public Health, 9.

Nakhoda, K., Hosseinpour-Niazi, S., & Mirmiran, P. (2021). Nutritional knowledge, attitude, and practice of general physicians toward the management of metabolic syndrome in Tehran. Shiraz E Medical Journal, 22(3), 1–4. https://doi.org/10.5812/semj.97514

Nurohmi, S., Leily Amalia, dan, Gizi Masyarakat, D., & Ekologi Manusia, F. (n.d.). PENGETAHUAN GIZI, AKTIVITAS FISIK, DAN TINGKAT KECUKUPAN GIZI AKTIVIS BADAN EKSEKUTIF MAHASISWA (BEM) IPB (Nutrition Knowledge, Physical Activity, and Food Consumption among Excutive Board Students of Bogor Agricultural University).

Patel, P., & Abate, N. (2013). Body fat distribution and insulin resistance. Nutrients, 5(6), 2019–2027.

Saylor, J., & Friedmann, E. (2015). Biopsychosocial contributors to metabolic syndrome: A secondary analysis of 2007-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data. In Nursing Research (Vol. 64, Issue 6, pp. 434–443). Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. https://doi.org/10.1097/NNR.0000000000000121

Spronk, I., Kullen, C., Burdon, C., & O’Connor, H. (2014). Relationship between nutrition knowledge and dietary intake. In British Journal of Nutrition (Vol. 111, Issue 10, pp. 1713–1726). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114514000087

Yang, K. C., Hung, H. F., Lu, C. W., Chang, H. H., Lee, L. T., & Huang, K. C. (2016). Association of Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease with Metabolic Syndrome Independently of Central Obesity and Insulin Resistance. Scientific Reports, 6. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep27034

Zahodne, L. B., Stern, Y., & Manly, J. J. (2015). Differing effects of education on cognitive decline in diverse elders with low versus high educational attainment. Neuropsychology, 29(4), 649–657. https


Article Statistic

Abstract view : 295 times
PDF views : 86 times

Dimensions Metrics

The PDF file you selected should load here if your Web browser has a PDF reader plug-in installed (for example, a recent version of Adobe Acrobat Reader).

If you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with PDFs, Highwire Press provides a helpful Frequently Asked Questions about PDFs.

Alternatively, you can download the PDF file directly to your computer, from where it can be opened using a PDF reader. To download the PDF, click the Download link above.

Fullscreen Fullscreen Off

Full Text: PDF

How To Cite This :

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Sasambo

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.